Among the three major Axis powers, Japan had the lowest per capita income, while Germany and Italy had a level of income comparable to the United Kingdom. [41] On that day, in 1936, Italian dictator Benito Mussolini gave a speech in Milan celebrating a new treaty of friendship with Germany and a political reorientation of Italy. « This Berlin-Rome Protocol is not a barrier, it is rather an axis around which all European states driven by a desire for peace can work together on problems, » he told a large number of 250,000 people, flanked by a group of Nazi officials. A transcript of his speech was published the next day in the New York Times, along with a front-page commentary that emphasized the axis commentary. Yugoslavia was largely surrounded by members of the Pact and now adjoined the German Empire. From the end of 1940, Hitler aspired to a non-aggression pact with Yugoslavia. In February 1941, Hitler demanded Yugoslavia`s accession to the Tripartite Pact, Yugoslavia was delayed. In March, divisions of the German army arrived at the border between Bulgaria and Yugoslavia and permission was requested to attack Greece. On 25 March 1941, fearing that Yugoslavia would be attacked, the Yugoslav Government signed the Tripartite Pact with considerable reservations. Unlike other Axis powers, Yugoslavia was not obliged to provide military aid or provide its territory to the Axis to move military forces during the war. Less than two days later, after protests in the streets of Belgrade, Prince Paul and the government were removed from office in a coup.

King Peter, 17, was declared a child. The new Yugoslav government led by General Dušan Simović refused to ratify Yugoslavia`s signing of the Tripartite Pact and began negotiations with Britain and the Soviet Union. Winston Churchill commented that « Yugoslavia has found its soul »; Hitler, however, invaded and quickly took control. On 18 January 1942, the German and Italian Governments signed two secret operations agreements: one with the Imperial Japanese Army and the other with the Imperial Japanese Navy. The agreements divided the world along longitude 70° East into two large areas of operation, but it had almost no military significance. In particular, it has committed the powers of cooperation in the fields of trade, intelligence and communication. [23] The original agreement of the document also provided for Yugoslavia`s acceptance of the free movement of German troops throughout the country; This was not satisfactory for the Führer and led to the invasion of Yugoslavia….